Northern Rhodesian general election, 1964
General elections were held in Northern Rhodesia on 20 and 21 January 1964. There were two voter rolls for the Legislative Council, a main roll that elected 65 seats, and a reserved roll that elected 10. Africans elected the main roll, whilst Europeans elected the reserve roll. Other ethnicities were allowed to choose which roll to be part of. The United National Independence Party won the elections, taking 55 of the common roll seats. Its leader, Kenneth Kaunda became Prime Minister, leading the country to independence in October that year, at which point he became President. Voter turnout was 94.8% for the main roll and 74.1% for the reserved roll.
The Northern Rhodesian African National Congress (NRANC) sought to delay the elections, claiming that twelve of its candidates had been prevented from registering, and its request for the nomination process to be extended was granted. NRANC leader Harry Nkumbula claimed that failure to postpone the elections would lead to "passive resistance" and that any violence would be "the entire responsibility of the Governor and his officers." The election date was also criticised by the People's Democratic Congress, which claimed that good weather during the month would encourage people to do farmwork rather than go out to vote. It also criticised the registration process, claiing that some people had to walk over 30 miles in order to register to vote.
UNIP contested all 10 reserved roll seats, putting up candidates including former Liberal Party leader John Moffat and ex-minister Charles Cousins.
UNIP won 24 of the 75 common roll seats unopposed, whilst the NRANC also had five members returned unopposed, although all of them defected to UNIP.
Seven people were killed in the Chinsali area by members of the Lumpa Church sect, who were trying to prevent people from joining political parties. Following reports of violence, Kaunda flew to the area to attempt to broker a truce.
The election campaign also saw clashes between NRANC and UNIP supporters, with two UNIP members killed. Fighting between the two in Mufulira in mid-January had to be broken up with tear gas, whilst two children were killed near Fort Jameson when a house inhabited by NRANC supporters was burned down.
|Party||Main roll seats||Reserved roll seats||Total seats||+/−|
|United National Independence Party||570,612||69.1||55||6,177||35.2||0||55||+41|
|Northern Rhodesian African National Congress||251,963||30.5||10||165||0.9||0||10||+3|
|National Progressive Party||−||−||−||11,157||63.6||10||10||New|
|Source: Nohlen et al.|
A new UNIP-led government was sworn in shortly before the end of January. Governor Evelyn Dennison Hone retained responsibility for foreign affairs, defence and policing.
|Prime Minister||Kenneth Kaunda|
|Minister of Agriculture||Elijah Mudenda|
|Minister of Commerce and Industry||Alexander Grey Zulu|
|Minister of Education||John Mwanakatwe|
|Minister of Finance||Arthur Wina|
|Minister of Health||Sikota Wina|
|Minister of Home Affairs||Simon Kapwepwe|
|Minister of Housing and Social Development||Dingiswayo Banda|
|Minister of Justice||Mainza Chona|
|Minister of Labour and Mines||Justin Chimba|
|Minister of Land and Works||Solomon Kalulu|
|Minister of Local Government||Nalumino Mundia|
|Minister of Natural Resources||Munukayumbwa Sipalo|
|Minister of Transport and Communications||Reuben Kamanga|
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- ↑ Zambia: 1964 Elections EISA
- ↑ Elections in Zambia African Elections Database
- ↑ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p949 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 ""Dismiss Governor" A.N.C. Calls: Fears of Violence in Northern Rhodesia", East Africa and Rhodesia, 9 January 1964, p395
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 "Protest at Election Date: Favouritism for North-East", East Africa and Rhodesia, 9 January 1964, p395
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Northern Rhodesian Elections: Independence Wanted in October", East Africa and Rhodesia, 23 January 1964
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 "U.N.I.P. Cabinet Sworn In: "Racial" Seats Must Go: Mr. Kaunda", East Africa and Rhodesia, 30 January 1964, p449
- ↑ "Election Unrest", East Africa and Rhodesia, 2 January 1964, p375