Zambian general election, 1996

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Zambian general election, 1996
Zambia
1991 ←
18 November 1996 → 2001

2,267,382 registered voters
Turnout 58.44%
 
Nominee Frederick Chiluba Dean Mungomba Humphrey Mulemba
Party Movement for Multi-Party Democracy Zambia Democratic Congress National Party
Popular vote 913,770 160,439 83,875
Percentage 72.59% 12.75% 6.66%

President before election

Frederick Chiluba
MMD

Elected President

Frederick Chiluba
MMD

General elections were held in Zambia on 18 November 1996 to elect a President and National Assembly. They were boycotted by the main opposition party, the United National Independence Party, together with five other allied parties, following changes to the constitution which they failed to have reversed following a court challenge. The changes required a presidential candidate to be born to two Zambian citizens by birth or descent, and National Assembly candidates to give up their chieftaincy. UNIP believed this was specifically aimed at their candidates, Kenneth Kaunda, whose parents were Malawian and had previously served several terms as president, and its vice president, a chief.[1] Subsequently, the ruling Movement for Multi-Party Democracy won a comfortable victory in both elections, taking 131 of the 150 elected seats in the National Assembly, and its candidate, Frederick Chiluba, winning 73% of the vote in the presidential election.

Out of about 4,500,000 eligible voters, only 2,267,382 million registered. Amongst registered voters, turnout was 58%.[2]

Results

President

Candidate Party Votes %
Frederick Chiluba Movement for Multi-Party Democracy 913,770 72.59
Dean Mungomba Zambia Democratic Congress 160,439 12.75
Humphrey Mulemba National Party 83,875 6.66
Akashambatwa Mbikusita-Lewanika Agenda for Zambia 59,250 4.71
Chama Chakomboka Movement for Democratic Process 41,471 3.29
Invalid/blank votes 66,248
Total 1,325,053 100
Registered voters/turnout 2,267,382 58.44
Source: EISA

National Assembly

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Movement for Multi-Party Democracy 778,989 60.88 131 +6
Zambia Democratic Congress 176,521 13.79 2 New
National Party 90,823 7.10 5 New
National Lima Party 81,876 6.40 0 New
Agenda for Zambia 18,982 1.48 2 New
National Congress 2,313 0.18 0 New
Liberal Progressive Front 759 0.06 0 New
Movement for Democratic Progress 632 0.05 0 New
United National Independence Party 477 0.04 0 –25
Party for Poor People 293 0.02 0 New
Real Democracy Party 182 0.01 0 New
Independents 127,760 9.98 10 +10
Presidential appointees 8 0
Appointed speaker 1 0
Invalid/blank votes 53,462
Total 1,333,069 100 159 0
Registered voters/turnout 2,267,382 58.79
Source: EISA

References