Kalusha Bwalya

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Kalusha Bwalya
Kalusha Bwalya.jpg
President of Football Association of Zambia (FAZ)
In office
2008–2016
Preceded byTeddy Mulonga
Succeeded byAndrew Kamanga
Personal details
Born (1963-08-16) 16 August 1963 (age 55)
Mufulira, Zambia
NationalityZambian
Spouse(s)Emmy Cassalleti (m. 2009)
OccupationFootballer (retired)
Football administrator

Association football career
Playing position Forward, Midfielder#winger
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1979–1980 Mufulira Blackpool
1980–1985 Mufulira Wanderers
1985–1989 Cercle Brugge K.S.V. 95 (30)
1989–1994 PSV Eindhoven 101 (25)
1994–1997 Club América 88 (21)
1997 Necaxa 17 (1)
1998 Al-Wahda FC
1998 Club Léon 13 (1)
1999 Club Irapuato
1999 CD Veracruz
2000 Correcaminos UAT 13 (5)
National team
1983–2004 Zambia[1] 87 (39)
Teams managed
2003–2006 Zambia

* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.

† Appearances (goals)

Kalusha Bwalya (born 16 August 1963) is a former Zambian International footballer, football coach and former president of the Football Association of Zambia (FAZ). He is Zambia's second most capped player after Joseph Musonda, second all-time top goalscorer behind Godfrey Chitalu, and is regarded as the greatest Zambian footballer of all time. He was named France Football African Footballer of the Year in 1988 by the magazine France Football and was nominated for the 1996 FIFA World Player of the Year where he was voted the 12th-best player in the world, the first to be nominated after playing the entire year for a non-European club.

His older brother Benjamin Bwalya played professional football, and his younger brother Joel Bwalya also played for the Zambia national football team. His cousin is former Cardiff City and Welsh national football team international Robert Earnshaw.

His career as a player, coach and president of the Football Association of Zambia is partly shown in the documentary film Eighteam.

On 20th March, 2016, Kalusha lost the Football Association of Zambia (FAZ) elections to a renowned businessman-turned football official Andrew Kamanga by 163 to 156 votes in what many thought was an impossible task for the challenger.[2]

International career

Bwalya was a member of the national squad that participated at the 1988 Olympic Games, making his mark with a most famous hat-trick in a 4–0 victory against Italy. At the full international level, he appeared in 147 international matches and scored 100 goals from 1983 to 2004. He debuted against Sudan in April 1983 at Dag Hammarskjoeld Stadium in a Cup of Nations qualifier in Ndola, and scored his first goal against Uganda in a World Cup qualifier the following year at the same venue. He has appeared in multiple tournaments, including six editions of the African Cup of Nations.

Although he was captain of the national football team during the qualification matches for the 1994 World Cup, Kalusha was not on the ill-fated flight on 27 April 1993 when the entire team and its management were killed when the plane crashed into the Atlantic Ocean off Gabon.[3][4] Kalusha Bwalya, Africa's most famous "Number 11", took on the mantle of spearheading the revival of the national side the following year, captaining the side to the Runners-Up spot at the CAF African Nations Cup 1994 in Tunisia—where they succumbed to the Super Eagles of Nigeria; this was to be the peak of his own career and Zambian football for a long time to come. The national team finished in 3rd place at the next edition of the Africa Cup in South Africa in 1996, with Kalusha jointly winning the Golden Boot Award as the topscorer at the tournament.

He was a player-coach during the African 2006 World Cup qualification matches. On 5 September 2004, Zambia played Liberia, and the match was tied 0–0 minutes before the end. Kalusha, aged 41, came off the bench during the second half, scoring from a trademark direct free kick to give Zambia a 1–0 victory and the lead of Africa's Group 1.[5] However, Zambia finished third and failed to qualify for the 2006 World Cup.

Despite the failure to qualify, Bwalya coached Zambia at the 2006 African Cup of Nations. Following their elimination in the first round, however, Bwalya resigned from his post. Kalusha's dream of holding the coveted AFCON trophy came 2012 when the Zambia National Football Team, which was underestimated by many football pundits upset the star-studded Ivory Coast to win the final of the 2012 tournament. As Zambian FA President, he joined the players and lifted the cup in a country where his former teammates perished in an aircraft disaster. This emotional story is narrated in the documentary film Eighteam, directed by Juan Rodriguez-Briso.

He has nevertheless remained actively involved in international football, contributing to the 2006 World Cup as a member of FIFA's Technical Study Group. He was also one of the ambassadors of the 2010 World Cup which was held in South Africa.

Club career

Bwalya's career in Europe began at Cercle Brugge in Belgium. In his first season, he was the club's top scorer and was twice voted supporters' player of the year. Such was his impact that Dutch giants PSV Eindhoven took him to the Eredivisie, and he describes winning the championship twice in 1990/91 and 1991/92, under Bobby Robson, as a career highlight.

He jokingly adds that: "Most of the time we played in the opponents half, because the team was so good. You know, we had Romario, Gerald Vanenburg, Eric Gerets, Wim Kieft and Hans van Breukelen and just to be with that group, to train with them day in, day out, was an experience."

Bwalya's next stop was Club America, to whom he moved in 1994. The Mexican club's home ground is the legendary Azteca, an arena of which the Zambian icon has very fond memories. As he told FIFA.com: "I am privileged to have played in the best stadium in the world – and to have been able to call it my home ground." The Mexico experience in general was cherished by Bwalya, who devoted almost eight years of his career to the country and recalls his time there as "probably the best of my life".

On the international front, his earliest achievement was arguably one of the most remarkable hat-tricks in modern football history, with three-times World Cup champions Italy on the receiving end in a 4–0 win for the Zambians at the 1988 Olympics. Bwalya acknowledges that the result was a surprise, but adds: "Zambia is a sleeping giant in a way. It is a small country in terms of football, but we were the first African team to beat a European power as convincingly as that."

Administrative career

He currently serves as a standing committee member at FIFA and the Confederation of African Football and as of 2008 was the president of the Football Association of Zambia from 2008 -2016. He lost the FA presidency to Andrew Kamanga when he attempted a third term bid in office during the 2016 FAZ AGM.[6] Previously he was vice president.

In the first half of 2006, Bwalya resigned from his position as the Zambia coach but having served as vice president of the Football Association of Zambia until 2008, he was voted in to be president as of 2008. This was as a result of pressure from members of the Football Association of Zambia as well as the media. On 23 February 2008, he was elected into the CAF Executive Committee.

FIFA ban

In August 2018, the world soccer governing body FIFA banned Kalusha for two years from all football-related activities (administrative, sports or any other) at both national and international level. The FIFA adjudicatory chamber of the independent Ethics Committee banned Kalusha, who was then a member of the executive committee of the Confederation of African Football (CAF), for two years after concluding its investigations that were instituted on 28 February 2017. The adjudicatory chamber found Kalusha guilty of having violated article 16 (Confidentiality) and article 20 (Offering and accepting gifts and other benefits) of the FIFA Code of Ethics. He was further fined CHF 100,000 (ZMW 1,012,850).[7][8]

Personal life

Bwalya is married to Emmy Cassalleti and has three children.

Honours

  • 2 x Eredivisie (Dutch League): 1990–91, 1991–92.
  • 1 x KNVB Cup (Dutch Cup): 1989–90.
  • 1 x Johan Cruijff Schaal (Dutch Super Cup): 1991–92.
  • 2 x Pop Poll d'Echte Cercle Brugge K.S.V.: Player of the Year: 1986–87 & 1987–88.
  • 1 x African Footballer of the Year]]: 1988
  • 2 x Cercle Brugge top scorer: 1987 & 1988.

References

  1. Kalusha Bwalya - International Goals rsssf.com
  2. http://www.bbc.com/sport/football/35852084
  3. Bwalya, Kalusha (28 April 2003). "Kalusha reflects on tragedy". BBC News.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Djazmi, Mani (10 February 2012). "Zambian footballers remember a lost generation of players". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 11 February 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Late winner puts Zambia top" – liberiansoccer.com
  6. https://www.facebook.com/FootballAssociationZambia/?fref=ts
  7. FIFA bans Kalusha Bwalya for two years for receiving a bribe, 10 August 2018, Lusaka Times
  8. Adjudicatory chamber of the independent Ethics Committee bans football official Kalusha Bwalya, 10 August 2018, FIFA


Sporting positions
Preceded by
Australia Eddie Krncevic
Cercle Brugge top scorer
1987, 1988
Succeeded by
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Josip Weber