|President of the United Party |
for National Development
|Assumed office |
|Preceded by||Anderson Mazoka|
|Born||4 June 1962|
Monze, Northern Rhodesia
|Alma mater||University of Zambia (BA)|
University of Birmingham (MBA)
Hakainde Hichilema (born 4 June 1962) is a Zambian businessman and politician serving as President of the opposition United Party for National Development. He is a perennial presidential candidate having contested five times in 2006, 2008, 2011, 2015 and 2016.
- 1 Early life and career
- 2 Political career
- 3 Brutal Arrest & Treason Charge
- 4 Interviews
- 5 Personal life
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Early life and career
Hichilema was born in a village in Monze District in present day Zambia. He received a scholarship to study at the University of Zambia and graduated in 1986 with a BA in Economics and Business Administration. He thereafter pursued an MBA in Finance and Business Strategy at the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom.
He is a member of the opposition United Party for National Development, a liberal political party. Following the death of Anderson Mazoka in 2006, he was elected as the party's new President. He also served as the leader of the United Democratic Alliance (UDA), an alliance of three opposition political parties.
In the 2006 election, Hichilema was the candidate of the UDA and ran against incumbent president Levy Mwanawasa of the Movement for Multiparty Democracy and Patriotic Front candidate Michael Sata. He received the endorsement of former President Kenneth Kaunda. The election was held on 28 September 2006 and Hichilema took third place with about 25% of the vote.
Hichilema ran as the UPND candidate in the 2008 election, which was called following the death of President Levy Mwanawasa. He came 3rd with 19.7% of the vote. In June 2009, Hichilema's party, the UPND, formed a pact with Michael Sata's Patriotic Front (PF) to contest the 2011 election together. However, indecision on the pact candidate, deep mistrust and accusations of tribalism from both sides resulted in the collapse of the pact in March 2011.
He was one of the two main candidates in the 2015 election, which he lost by a narrow margin of just 27,757 votes (1.66%) against the ruling party's candidate. Hichilema denounced the election as a sham and urged his supporters to remain calm.
Brutal Arrest & Treason Charge
Hichilema was brutallyarrested on 11th April 2017 by President Edgar Lungu’s dictatorial regime and charged with Treason after he was accused of endangering the president's life after his motorcade allegedly refused to give way to the one transporting President Lungu,a case which many viewed as a minor traffic offense and not one that could amount to Treason. Hichilema strongly denied the charge, which carries a maximum sentence of death penalty
Police misconduct during arrest
The police used excessive force to enter Hichilema’s residence damaging his home and property, beat up all his workers, stole colossal sums of money, jewelry, as well as underwear, shoes, speakers, blankets, carpets and food from the Kitchen and defecated on Mr Hichilema’s bed. Teargas canisters were thrown inside Hichilema’s homegassing him out including his asthmatic wife and children who collapsed several times due to inhaling Tear Gas.
Condemnation of arrest
Hichilema’s arrest was widely condemned. The United States the European Union and the European Parliamentdenounced the arrest. The Africa Liberal Network condemned the arrest as an attempt by President Lungu to silence dissent and opposition. The Catholic bishops strongly condemned the arrest and said Zambia had become a dictatorship under President Edgar Lungu. Julius Malema, the leader of South Africa’s EFF party, accused Zambia's president Edgar Lungu of apartheid style repression for detaining Hichilema on treason chargesand called president Lungu a “Coward”. Mmusi Maimane, the leader of South Africa’s DA party, who was denied entry into Zambia to visit Hichilema in Jailstrongly denounced the trumped up charges against Hichilema.
Time in Jail
Hichilema said in an interview on HARDtalk that during his time in prison he was held in solitary confinement for 8 days without food, water, light or visitation, was tortured by having his private parts pepper sprayed and accused president Lungu of having tried to kill him
His wife Mutinta was turned away by prison officials when she took food for him.
High Profile Jail visitations
Mmusi Maimane, leader of the Democratic Alliance (South Africa) was also turned away when he came to Zambia to attend Hichilema's court appearance, he was not allowed to disembark from the plane by state agents, had his phone confiscated and was roughed up . This prompted South Africa's Foreign Ministry to summon Zambia's Ambassador to South Africa Emmanuel Mwamba to explain the actions of the Zambian regime.
State of Emergency
Release from Prison
Jubilant celebrations broke out throughout Zambia when Hichilema was released from Prison on 16th August 2017 and scores of people lined up the roads of Lusaka to have a glimpse of Hichilema as his motorcade left prison and Hichilema emerged through the Sunroof of his vehicle to wave at the cheering crowds.
Thanksgiving Prayers were held to celebrate Hichilema’s release from jail at the Cathedral of Holy Cross in Lusaka on 29th August 2017 and Hichilema was present at the event which drew large crowds and was aired live on Television. The event was originally scheduled to take place the previous week on 24th August but was blocked by heavily armed state police who sealed off the venue.
Hichilema became more popular after his release and was awarded the Africa Freedom Award in Johannesburg, South Africa. He was invited to speak at Catham House in London and was also invited to speak in South Africa to DA Members Parliament and was featured on BBC’s HARDtalk.
A book about Hichilema’s time in Prison called Hakainde Hichilema's Prison Diary was released on 29th September 2017 by Journalist Fredrick Misebezi. Hichilema endorsed the book and urged the public to read it.
Hichilema was featured on the popular BBC television program HARDtalk on 1st November 2017. He is the first Zambian opposition political leader to be hosted on HARDtalk and the second Zambian Politician featured after former President Levy Mwanawasa.
On 17th December, 2017 Hichilema featured on ZNBC's Sunday Interview making him the first opposition political leader to be hosted on the Sunday Interview. This was after Management at ZNBC had granted a request by the UPND through its Spokesman Charles Kakoma who had written to ZNBC Director General Richard Mwanza requesting that Mr. Hichilema is featured on the Sunday Interview on December 17. The programme will be prerecored on Thursday at 10:30hrs and was aired on Sunday evening.
Hichilema is married to Mutinta and has three children. He is a faithful member of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Hichilema is a millionaire and the second-largest cattle rancher in Zambia.
In December 2014, he denied being a Freemason and labelled people accusing him as malicious. He also sued Bishop Edward Chomba of the Orthodox Church for defamation after the former called him a Satanist and a Freemason.
- "Biography: Hakainde Hichilema". www.hh-zambia.com. Retrieved 23 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "HH's curriculum vitae". Lusaka Times. 19 September 2008. Retrieved 23 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Zambia to hold presidential by-election on Oct.30", Xinhua, September 10, 2008.
- "Opposition alliance in Zambia collapse as UPND pulls out", Newstime Africa, March 11, 2011.
- "Zambia opposition cries foul as Lungu wins presidential election". Telegraph. 24 January 2015. Retrieved 25 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Hichilema, Hakainde (24 January 2015). "Edgar Lungu steals election". hh-zambia.com. Retrieved 25 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Catholic Bishops said they deplore the massive, disproportionate and entirely unnecessary force with which the Police acted in apprehending Hakainde Hichilema
- On the night of the 11th of April 2017 the Zambian Police broke down the gate of Hakainde Hichilema’s compound and began their quest to arrest the country’s main opposition leader.
- Catholic Bishops condemn HH arrest, say Zambia is now a dictatorship Lusaka Times
- Malema compares Zambia leader to apartheid rulers News24
- Mr Lungu, meanwhile, faces accusations of growing authoritarianism. BBC News
- Mr Hichilema was arrested in April, accused of endangering the president's life after his motorcade allegedly refused to give way to the one transporting Mr Lungu. BBC News. 16 August 2017.
- Hakainde Hichilema has now become famous as the man facing treason charges for what appears to be a minor traffic offence
- The day road rage led to a treason charge in Zambia, as democracy falters in Africa LA Times]
- He and his aides "strongly" denied the charge, which carries a sentence of at least 15 years. Those found guilty can also be sentenced to death. BBC News. 16 August 2017.
- Zambia : Police used excessive force to arrest HH and five others-Amnesty International
- [https://zambiareports.com/2017/04/12/cops-rob-millions-kwacha-hichilemas-residence-midnight-raid/ Cops Rob Millions Of Kwacha From Hichilema’s Residence In Midnight Raid
- POLICE STEAL FOOD FROM HICHILEMA'S HOUSEZambian Observer
- Mr Hichilema was detained after armed police raided his family home, during which teargas canisters were thrown inside
- [ https://zambiareports.com/2017/04/12/cops-rob-millions-kwacha-hichilemas-residence-midnight-raid/ Police on Monday night raided Hakainde’s house in New Kasama gassing him out including his wife and children]
- USA denounces brutal arrest of HichilemaZambian Watchdog
- US, EU Condemn Hichilema Arrest, Treason Charge | Zambia Reports
- Human rights: H. Hichilema in Zambia, Dr Gudina in Ethiopia, South Sudan | News | European Parliament
- Zambia : HH’s arrest is unacceptable- Africa Liberal Network
- Catholic Bishops condemn HH arrest, say Zambia is now a dictatorship
- Malema compares Zambia leader to apartheid rulers News24
- "Lungu, you are a coward. Allow the opposition to oppose you. If you are a true leader, you will defeat them properly not through arrest," Malema said News24
- Maimane prevented from entering Zambia
- Maimane had strongly denounced the trumped up charges against Hichilema, and had condemned the African National Congress government for not yet taking a stand against his treason charges. eNCA
- BBC World News - HARDtalk, Hakainde Hichilema
- Kenneth Kaunda Turned Away From Visiting Hichilema In Prison
- Maimane prevented from entering Zambia
- Former Nigerian President Obasanjo goes to visit HH in prison – Mwebantu
- Secretary-General meets Zambian president and opposition leader | The Commonwealth
- Zambia's president declares state of emergency and sparked authoritarian rule concerns — Quartz
- Zambian President Edgar Lungu this month imposed a state of emergency, a move critics see as an effort to tighten his grip on power News24
- Zambia: Hakainde Hichilema released from jail to jubilant reception, more popular than everDaily Maverick
- Statement By Kofi Annan Following The Release Of Hakainde Hichilema
- Hakainde Hichilema's Prison Diary (Book) Released On The Market And Selling At A Very Fast Rate!!!
- And Mr Hichilema has endorsed the book and urged the public to read it
- "Hakainde Hichilema, HARDtalk - BBC World News". BBC. Retrieved 2017-11-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Sunday interview: it was a very bad night for Grevazio". zambianobserver.com. Retrieved 2017-01-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "ZNBC grants HH Sunday Interview slot". themastonline.com. Retrieved 2017-01-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "HH writes ZNBC to feature on Sunday Interview". lusakatimes.com. Retrieved 2017-01-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "ZNBC grants HH Sunday Interview request". lusakatimes.com. Retrieved 2017-01-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "HH: I am not a Masonist, I am Christian and a church elder at SDA". Lusaka Times. 24 December 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Laing, Aislinn (19 January 2015). "Africa needs leaders to run countries like CEOs, Zambia's opposition leader says". The Telegraph. Ndola. Retrieved 23 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "HH: I am an Adventist, I am a Christian, I don't know what Freemasonry is". Lusaka Times. 19 December 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "HH sues Bishop Chomba for calling him a Satanist and Freemason". Lusaka Times. 25 December 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- on YouTube