Gwendoline Konie

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Gwendoline Konie
Gwendoline Konie (1981).jpg
Gwendoline Konie in 1981
BornGwendoline Chomba Konie
(1938-10-09)9 October 1938
Lusaka, Zambia
Died14 March 2009(2009-03-14) (aged 70)
Lusaka, Zambia
NationalityZambian
Education
  • Cardiff University
  • American University
  • University of Warwick
OccupationPolitician, poet, diplomat
Political partySocial Democratic Party

Gwendoline Chomba Konie (9 October 1938 – 14 March 2009) was a Zambian poet, diplomat and politician. She was the Zambian ambassador to Scandinavia, the United Nations and Germany. She formed her own political party, the Social Democratic Party, in 2000 and stood as a candidate to be the President of Zambia in 2001.

Early life

Konie was born in 1938 in Lusaka in what was then Northern Rhodesia and is now Zambia.

Education

She was educated at the Cardiff University in Cardiff and the American University in Washington D.C.[1]

In 1962 she was chosen by Sir Evelyn Dennison Hone, the Governor-General of Northern Rhodesia, to become a member of her country's Legislative Council. She consulted Kenneth Kaunda before accepting.[2] She had a doctorate in sociology from the University of Warwick.[3]

Career

She then trained for the Foreign Office and rose to be Zambia's Ambassador and Plenipotentiary to Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland from 1974 to 1977. From 1977 she was the country's Permanent Representative to the United Nations. In 1979 she became the Permanent Secretary of Zambia's Tourism Ministry.[2] After Kenneth Kaunda lost power in 1991, she was retained as a diplomat by President Frederick Chiluba until 1997. She was the Zambian Ambassador to Germany.[4]

In 2001 she was a candidate in the Zambian general election, 2001, to be the President of Zambia. She stood for the Social Democratic Party which she formed in August 2000 to concentrate on issues important to women and children.[4][5] One million votes were cast for eleven candidates in the elections. Two of the candidates were women. Konie received more than 10,000 votes and Levy Mwanawasa was elected.[3]

Konie was also a poet. Her poem "In the Fist of your Hatred" was included in the The Penguin Book of Modern African Poetry in 2007. The poem is a polemic against male arrogance.[6]

Death

She died at MKP Trust Hospital in Lusaka on 14 March 2009 and received a state funeral.[7] President Rupiah Banda said it was a day for Zambia to mourn her death and Kenneth Kaunda noted her involvement with the formation of Zambia following independence from Britain.[8]

References

  1. Karen L. Kinnear (22 July 2011). Women in Developing Countries: A Reference Handbook: A Reference Handbook. ABC-CLIO. p. 159. ISBN 978-1-59884-426-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 Robin Morgan (1984). Sisterhood is Global: The International Women's Movement Anthology. Feminist Press at CUNY. pp. 742–744. ISBN 978-1-55861-160-3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Gwendoline Chomba Konie - Zambia, GenderLinks.org.za
  4. 4.0 4.1 Party led by woman a first for Zambia, 28 August 2000, iol.co.za, Retrieved 2 February 2016
  5. Adrian Karatnycky (June 2001). Freedom in the World: The Annual Survey of Political Rights and Civil Liberties, 2000-2001. Transaction Publishers. p. 594. ISBN 978-0-7658-0101-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Gerald Moore (30 August 2007). The Penguin Book of Modern African Poetry. Penguin Books Limited. p. 399. ISBN 978-0-14-191290-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Gwendoline Konie Dies, 15 March 2009, Lusaka Times, Retrieved 2 February 2016
  8. Reflecting on Gwendoline Konie's life, Kenneth Kaunda, March 2009, Retrieved 2 February 2016